Thursday, May 31, 2012

New Craftable Spells in Avalon

Yes there are 3 new spells that are craftable in Dun Dara, Avalon!
You must finish the battle with Indigo Giant inside then Grady will appear.
Yes the trainer is inside a Boss fight instance which means you have to step on a sigil and enter
to fight the Indigo Giant boss in order to visit with Grady.

Cooldown Timer: 18:20:00
Legendary Artisan Required
Card Crafting Station

6 Deer Knight TC
100 Perfect Onyx
200 Ghost Fire
100 Blood Moss
100 Bone
50 Spring
50 Sunstone
12 Amber

6 Handsome Fomori TC
100 Perfect Sapphire
200 Ghost Fire
100 Diamond
100 Spider Silk
50 Spring
50 Sunstone
12 Amber

6 Catalan TCs
100 Perfect Amethyst
200 Ghost Fire
100 Water Lily
100 Bronze Gear
50 Spring
50 Sunstone
12 Amber

The Scavenger Hunt Game Has Arrived!

 Zeke's Scavenger Hunt Game Is Here!
It is currently in the Crown Shop for 2500 Crowns!

There is also a crafting recipe for it by Padrig of Abbey Road



6 Colossal
5 Perfect Peridot
5 Pristine Vial
22 Sunstone
10 Amber
2 Ship in a Bottle *Crafting Recipe in GH*
2 Celestian Magician Statue *Crafting Recipe in CL*
1 Carousel *Crafting Recipe in DS*

Wednesday, May 30, 2012

More Information from Pirate101!

What is Pirate101?

Pirate101 is a brand new game that takes place in the Spiral. You can sail your custom Pirate ship through the Skyways to both strange and familiar lands. In Pirate101, your Pirate is never alone in tough battles with bosses like the Cutthroat sharks. Your Pirate crew of Companions is always by your side - plus you can play with all your friends in Pirate101!

What’s a Companion?

Companions are your personal crew of ship mates that you form as you journey through the skyways. You’ll meet a lot of friendly folks while on your adventure that you can coerce to join your cause in one way or another. Your companions will take on a life of their own as they interact with you while on your journey. You’ll end up feeling pretty strongly about the worthiness of your crew in a scrap!

How do these battles play out in Pirate101?

So you want to know about all the rough and tumble you’ll be getting into, eh? There are plenty of fights ahead and many of these are going to test your wits to the limit! Strategy comes to the forefront in a battle board formation where you and your crew move about to fight and use powers. Sometimes you’ll find safety behind a barrel, while other times you’ll be leaping forward with a massive attack. There’s a wide variety of powers and skills to keep the fights interesting as well. Once you try it out, it’ll make perfect sense. Once you play it for a week or two, you’ll be finding new strategies on the battle board you never thought of before!

Can I play my Wizard101 Character in Pirate101?

While the games have some similar threads to them and take place in the same Spiral, you’re playing the part of an all new character: one that’s had a bit of a rough past, but also one who has an amazing future ahead of them! Merle Ambrose isn’t calling upon our hero for help; instead Captain Avery, Pirate Lord of Skull Island, becomes your Pirate's mentor. He's a shrewd teacher: you’ll have a long way to go to prove you’re tough and clever enough to be a Pirate in the dangerous skyways of the Spiral.

Do I fight against Malistaire?

No - the Wizards of Ravenwood are a reclusive and mysterious bunch, and the common folk of the Spiral don’t have the faintest notion of what is happening behind the hallowed walls and looming towers of Wizard City. The affairs of wizards are strange, mysterious, and best ignored. Likewise, the professors in Wizard City would be at a loss to explain how fluctuations in the price of Tea in MooShu could lead to war between Polaris and Marleybone.

For the farmers, craftsman and artisans that populate the rest of the Spiral, the coming threat is not magical at all, but no less sinister. The Armada is on the march, a seemingly endless army of tireless, silent soldiers. Created to win a war, the Armada is now poised to conquer all the worlds of the Spiral and bring them under one banner – their own.

My wizard gets mounts, pets, gardens, and all kinds of cool housing items, will my Pirate get those too? Can I cast spells?

You’ll find a lot of the same fun systems in Pirate101 as you did in Wizard101, but it’s a whole new world where Pirates take the forefront and leave the more magical artifacts to the spell casters. Mounts and pets will definitely make an appearance. As for spells, most Pirates don’t deal in traditional magic – Witchdoctors make do with Hoodoo, the magic of curses and hexes, but most Pirates are a supersititous lot - they'll trust in a good sparkshooter (a gun that fires lightning instead of bullets), cutlass, and a belt full of knives.

Witchdoctors sound cool! What other classes can I play?

Witchdoctors are cool! So are the four other classes too: Swashbucklers, Musketeers, Buccaneers, and Privateers! Each class has its own powers, skills, armor, companions, and weapons.

Will my Wizard101 membership work for Pirate101?

No, Wizard101 and Pirate101 will have separate memberships. However, there are great ways to save if you play multiple games!
  • If a single account has both Wizard101 and Pirate101 monthly memberships, each game will be at the $6.95 per month pricing that is currently considered “family pricing” in Wizard101. This means if you already have a 1 Month Membership for Wizard101 at $9.95 per month, you can add Pirate101 for just an additional $3.95 per month!
  • If any family/linked group of accounts has two or more 1 Month Memberships regardless of which games, those will be priced at $6.95 per month as well.
  • For our Crowns players, Crowns are at an account level and can be spent in both Wizard101 and Pirate101.

Where and when can I download Pirate101?

If your account is selected for Beta you will receive instructions with your Beta invitation. When Pirate101 goes live later this year, it will be available for everyone to download at no cost.

When is Closed Beta?

A closed Beta phase for Pirate101 will occur later this year.

Is there an Open Beta?

Currently, there are no plans to hold an open Beta.

When will I know if I can play in the Closed Beta?

We will make an announcement through the Pirate101 website and Facebook page before we send out official Beta invitations. If your account is selected for participation in Beta testing, you will receive an official email from KingsIsle.

How do I get selected for Closed Beta?

To enter into our Closed Beta drawing, all you have to do is login to with your existing Wizard101 account. If you’re new to KingsIsle Entertainment games, register for a Pirate101 account and you’re in the running!

Will KingsIsle keep working on Wizard101?

KingsIsle remains absolutely committed to adding new systems, stories and worlds to Wizard101. In fact, we have more people working on Wizard101 today than we did at launch in 2008.


Monday, May 28, 2012

Cannonshots: Shots from Iron Barrels

Guns and Cannons came out approximately the same time. Probably around 1600s. Cannons were first used in Europe and China. Round shot and grapeshot was the early ammunition used for cannons.

Cannons required 4 men per cannon to load, aim, fire and reposition. By 1700, many improvements for loading, aiming, accuracy, range and speed made them more formidable. Its range was 700-1000 yards.


It's a round solid ball made from iron that would be shot from a smooth-bore cannon to batter the wooden hulls of enemy ships, forts or anything they needed to hit.


Two round balls linked by a length of chain or a solid bar. This was used to slash through the rigging and sails of an enemy ship so they couldn't sail or maneuver. It was inaccurate and only used at close range. Two headed bullets aka angels were similiar but made of two halves of a ball than two balls.


An anti-personnel projectile that included many iron round shot or lead musket balls in a metal can which broke up when fired scattering the shot throughout the enemy people acting like a large shotgun.


Small clay pots filled with burning sulfur, sometimes plant gums and rotten fish, that was thrown on the deck to overwhelm the victims like tear gas.


They were named for the spanish word for pomergrante which they remsembled. They could be small glass bottles or little pots made from clay, wood or iron filled with black powder mixed with broken glass or scraps or iron and lit with a fuse. This would inflict shrapnel wounds and shock value.


This was invented in 1784 by Lt. Henry Shrapnel, Royal Artillery, Great Britain. An iron anti-personnel projectile that contained an interior cavity that was packed with lead or iron round balls around a small bursting charge of just enough force to break open the thin-walled iron projectile. The fuse would blow up the central bursting charge when it was airborne and about 6-10 feet above the heads of enemy infantry. It would shower them with the iron balls and fragments of the casing.


An explosive anti-material and counter-battery projectile of iron with a cavity packed with a high explosive bursting charge of powder that was used to destroy enemy wagons, breastworks or opposing artillery.


An anti-personnel weapon, simliar to canister shot, but the shot would be contained to a canvas bag and they would be of a larger caliber. They were called because of the resemblance of the clustered shot in the bag to a cluster of grapes on the vine. In one variation of this, the shot was held together by a coiled bar and was spread by a fused charge in the same way as shell. It was very effective against infantry, but it had a very short range and didn't work against infantry who took cover. Grapeshot was the starting point for the creation of shrapnel.


An incendiary/antipersonnel projectile that was designed to burn fiercely and produce poisonous fumes. It was constructed of an iron frame bound with sack cloth and filled with pitch, antimony, sulfur, saltpeter, tallow and venetian turpentine. Then it would be ignited by the cannon's propellant charge then bursting on impact, releasing the noxious fumes while setting fire to its surroundings. It was an early chemical weapon as well as an incendiary and area denial weapon. The name is possibly referred to the medieval practice of hurling dead animals from a trebuchet as a form as biological warfare or the projectile's superficial resemblance to a human carcass.


A solid iron cannonball would be heated red hot in a special wood or coat fired furnance then loaded to be fired. This was used for shore based forts defending against attacks by wooden warships which would be easily lit afire by those hot shots.


It is a chain shot, but it has many chains than just one. It wasn't used often even though it was very effective against small ships and morale.


They were packs of short metal bars to make short work of a crew or passengers. It did massive injuries.


A box or cage or canister filled up with grape, bundle shot or stones to get the fight over with.

The Pistols of Old Days Past

Nobody is sure when the first gun is made. But French courtier Marin le Bourgeoys made the first firearm that incorporated a true flintlock mechanism for King Louis XIII in 1610. It was used for over 200 years until Reverend Alexander John Forsyth, a Scottish minister, invented the rudimentary percussion system in 1807. The percussion system was not widely used until around 1830 and the flintlock was continued to be used until the time of the American Civil War.


They were used as self-defense weapons and as a military arm. Their range was short and was used along with a sword or cutlass.


Used between 1660 and 1840. It was a muzzle-loading smoothbore long gun that was loaded with a round lead ball. It also could be loaded with shot for hunting. In the military, it was loaded with ball or a mixture of ball with several large shot called buck and ball. Its range was about 75-100 meters. The military flintlock muskets weighed approx. ten pounds and they were usually designed to be fitted with a bayonet. They were about 5-6 feet in length without the bayonet. The bayonet itself was 18-22 inches in length. They were not used like modern rifles where you can do multiple shootings. They would be shot in a mass volley, then followed by bayonet charges. At sea, they were used in early point of a boarding attempt and more often to pick off helmsmen and officers.


The spiral grooves of rifles made it more accurate and longer effective ranges but slower loading due to the tight fitting ball and clogging of the black powder. This rifle was most used for hunting. At sea, it would be for boarding, close quarters fighting or disputes in the tavern. After shooting its single shot, it was usually discarded or the butt end would be used to bash the enemy's head in.


It took experts 15 seconds to reload a smooth-bore, muzzle-loading musket which is why flintlocks were sometimes produced with two, three, four or more barrels for multiple shots. It was very costly and very unreliable and dangerous. Sometimes all barrels would explode in the user's hand. It was usually safer carrying a few single-shot flintlock weapons.


This invention was introduced in 1839 that enabled muzzleloading firearms to fire reliably in any weather. Before this development, firearms used flintlock guns that produced flint-on-steel sparks to ignite the powder and fire the gun's main powder charge. Flintlocks were prone to misfire in wet weather which made it very unreliable and unsafe.


Dragoon pistols were large and heavy with barrel length around 14 inches. Larger ones did exist. This pistol has brass hardware including a stylistic "dragon" sideplate and a buttcap with long side stirrups.


In 1733, the French used their Cavalry Pistol as a standard while before they did not have a standard. Brass components wasn't a required as many were used in iron finish. They were designed beautifully with simple and elegant designs.


Like the French, England didn't adopt a standard pistol for Navy use until around 1730. Before that, the Dragoon pistol in James II style was probably one of the most common to be used. The Blunderbuss style pistol also might have been a favored style of pistol. Many of the surviving examples are dated to Queen Anne period of 1702-1714. They seemed to be utilitarian with brass barrels and minimal hardware. The James II Dragoon pistol had classic long lines with barrel length of 14 inches. They were fitted with belt hooks.


They did not have a large navy like other European countries. But they were targets for pirates. They had their own style of gun until the end of 17th century when they became more influenced by French designs. The Dutch had an affinity for long barrels and even though other countries shortened their pistols during the 18th century, the Dutch continued to make long barreled pistols.


The Queen Anne Pistol is also known as the "turn-off" pistol because the barrel unscrews from the chamber for loading. it uses the name "Queen Anne" because it appeared in the Queen Anne era which is about 1702-1714. Any gun from that period could be called a "Queen Anne." It's the turn-off pistol that became connected to that name. The ability to have the barrel unscrewed allowed for a tighter fitting bullet that produced more power and accuracy when used. Period pictures of Blackbeard showed him with a pistol that seemed to be of a "Queen Anne." Eventually through the years, the turn-off pistols changed to a combined breech and lock so it was formed as one unit. There were even guns from the "Queen Anne" period that did not have unscrewing barrels. But some people refer to those as "night pistols" and that they claim they were intended to be loaded with shot instead of a ball which is why they did not need unscrewing barrels.


The muzzle loading "thunder gun" was like a large shotgun with the firepower of a one person cannon. The bore of around two inches fanned out to a goofy funnel shape at the end of the barrel, thought to help disperse the small pellets over a larger area. About the length of a musket with a kick like a mule, this gun was literally fired from the hip or another part of the body that could handle the recoil. It was mainly used for boarding parties and personal defense.


This gun was very simliar to the Blunderbuss. It was much shorter though, but shared the same barrel shape. Mainly used for boarding and fighting.


They were really small guns that you could put in a pocket or something. They would be used for a last minute gut or face shot.


Whether in pistol or rifle form, the weapons would fire their several barrels at once. But they were very hard to reload and very slow at it.

The Swords of Pirates

A sword is a weapon that is a long thin piece of metal with a pointed tip. It has a guard aka handle to protect the wielder's hands. In many battles and duels, swords were the preferred weapons over pistols because in the old days, pistols only carried one shot aka bullet before needing to be reloaded. The person using a sword is called a Swordsman.

Now, a sword's blade has one or two edges for striking and cutting, a point for thrusting and a hilt for gripping. A single edged sword has a sharp front edge for attacking and a strong edge for parrying. And to protect it from hurting others while not being used, it is usually in a scabbard, a protective cover.


The Broadsword was used in Europe from the 17th through the 19th centuries. This sword type included the Italian schiavona as well as the Scottish basket-hilted claymore. It was a single-handed, double-edged, basket-hilted sword with a overall length of around 105 cm and a mass of about one kilogram. The blade was around 90 cm long and had a base width of 3.5cm. Those swords were known for their slashing and crushing ability as the easiness to make them. Today, the term broadsword is often incorrectly used to describe all types of slashing sword in distinction to the slimmer-bladed fencing swords like the rapier or the smallsword.


During the 1600 and early 1700s, the word Cutlass comes from the French word "cutteaux." The Cutlass or short sword is a slashing backsword or sabre that is short, thick and slightly curved. It was often used at sea by sailors and pirates and the standard weapon of Royal navy and Royal Marines. A person who uses it is called a coutillier. And the cutlass was used mostly for hacking and slashing, although an experienced coutillier could use it as a stabbing weapon. They were ideal for fighting in close quarters or below deck. They also had to be sturdy to be able to cut down doors, cut lines and dividing pieces of eight.

A cutlass blade is usually 70-80cm in length and 5cm in width. This weapon was used as early as 1667 by French pirate Francois l'Ollonais. But there is no evidence that it was invented by the pirates. The Cutlass was favored by the sailors due to their small size and ease of use. The weapon was commonly used to cut ropes, canvas and wood and in battle for close quarter combat and boarding actions. The cutlass also required less training than the rapier or small sword. The cutlass was also more effective than the full-sized sword as a combat weapon. With the cutlass, you could wield it with one hand which left the other hand free to do whatever you wanted. You could even wield two cutlass at once, one in each hand.

Cutlasses were reported to still be in use by the Royal Navy as late as 1941 and in Korea by a US Marine. It was and still is used as an agricultural tool, mainly in rain forest and sugar cane areas. It is also still used as a ceremonial side weapon in some navies.


The Dao is a single edge Chinese ceremonial sword with a curved blade, often referred as a broadsword in English. The Dao is one of the four primary Chinese weapons and is known as "The Marshal of All Weapons." It was widely used by Chinese soldiers, criminals and pirates for fighting as well as for executions.

The Dao has varied greatly over the centuries, but most single-handed dao of the Ming period and later and also the modern swords that are based on them have similar characteristics.

Dao blades are moderately curved and single edged with few inches of the back edge sharpened as well. The moderate curve allows them to be reasonably effective in the thrust. The hilts are canted which is curved in the opposite direction to the blade which improves the handling in some forms of cuts and thrusts. Cord is usually wrapped around the wood of the handle. Hilts might be also be pierced, although modern swords for performances would have have tassels or scarves instead. Guards are typically disc-shaped often with a cupped shape to prevent rainwater from getting into the shelth and to prevent blood from dripping down onto the handle, making it slippery and difficult to grip. Sometimes guards are thinner pieces of metal with a S-curve with the lower limb of the curve protecting the user's knuckles. It's very rare they may have guards.


The Epee or dueling sword is a civilian and dueling weapon which was developed in the late 17th century. The blade of an Epee would be normally 90cm and weights 350-770 grams. It was in fact very similar to the small sword, but with no sharpened thrusting point and no cutting edges which made it less dangerous. So it was the perfect weapon for non-deadly "first blood" duels. However, it made this sword completely useless in a real battle since wounding or killing an opponent would be so difficult. Also the Epee was widely used in fencing schools as a training weapon.


A Hanger is a type of cutlass. It has a slightly larger blade than a standard cutlass and generally has a straight or slightly curved edge. The guard is curved around the hilt. Originally it was used as a supplement to the infantry man's musket for close fighting. Soldiers and woodsmen preferred the hanger since it had light blades and were primarily used for self-defense. Often they had a shell guard to protect the hand and they were less rugged than a cutlass. It was often carried as a status symbol by gentlemen and officers. The general adoption of the bayonet during the 18th century caused a decline in the use and favor of the hanger.


A Hunting sword were short civilian arms orignally intended as a back up weapon while hutning. By the time of the American Revolution, their style became more refined and narrower. Those hunting swords, now called Cuttoes after their French name "Caouteaux de Chasse" were used by gentlemen as informal town swords. The blade was under 26 inches and their lightness made them more of a rank symbol by land and naval officers than an actual combat weapon. By late 17th and early 18th century, hunting hangers had guards/shells that are perpendicular to the blade. In later years, the hunters had guards/shell that laid parallel to the blade of the sword.


The Basket-hilt originated in central Europe. By the middle of the 1660s, it was also known in England and Scotland. Most of the Scotch swords utlized the long straight double-edge blade (broadsword) between 37-40 inches. It is widely believed that Blackbeard received a mortal blow from a Scotsman's Basket-Hilt Sword while fighting Lieutenant Maynard.


Jian is a Chinese fighting sword with a flat, wide blade and a tapered end. It is known as "The Gentlemen of All Weapons." One handed versions had blades varying from 45-80cm or 17.7 to 31.5 inches in lengeth. It would weigh approximately 700 to 800 grams or 1.5 to 2 pounds. There are also larger two-handed versions.


The Longsword had a handle that allowed it to be held with both hands, sometimes some may be used single-handed. The Longsword was used for striking, cutting and thrusting. It had lengthy cruciform hilts with grips over some 15cm or 6 inches in length which provided room for both hands. Straight double-edged blades often measured over 90cm or 35 inches in lgenth and typically weighed between 1.2 and 1.4 kg (2 1/2 to 3 pounds.) The light ones just below 1 kg (2.2 pounds) and the heavy just above 2 kg (4 1/2 pounds.) The Longsword was widely used between 1350 to 1550 but was outdated by the mid-18th century.


The Rapier is a sword with long, thin blade that was used for thrusting. It often had an extremely ornate hilt. It was used in the 16th and 17th centuries, mostly for civilian combat and duels. The Rapier is a long-bladed sword with a complex hilt to protect the hand. Even though the blade might be broad, it was excellent in its ability as a thrusting weapon. The blade could be sharpened along its entire length or without a cutting edge. A typical example of a Rapier would have a long and slender blade of 2.5 cm or less in width, 1 meter or more in length and with a sharply pointed tip. Those who wielded the Rapier often had a dagger in other hand to parry their enemy's rapier. Pirates rarely used rapiers, although some Maltese knights did carry some and used them against the Barbary Corsairs. By 1715, the Rapier was replaced by the lighter smallsword throughout most of Europe, even though the former continued to be used.


A Sabre is a special kind of Broadsword with a long, flat and usually but not always slightly curved blade. Sabres were used mostly for slashing, chopping and cutting enemies. In the Pirate era, the sabre wasn't so important for warfare as in the 19th century when it replaced the small sword and became the main Melee weapon. It was already often used by pirates and privateers in the Indian Ocean and the Mediterraean Sea like the Barbary Consairs. Some European and American pirates also used the sabre. The Dao is a Chinese type of the Sabre.


The Small Sword, also called Court Sword or Dress Sword, was a light, one handed weapon that was commonly carried by officers and civilians. It was often used in duels The hilt was usually made of the shell type and was often decorated. It was a thrusting weapon and often the edge was not sharpened especially if it was worn for fashion. It had a triangular cross-section and the blade was about 60-90cm in length.

Smallswords were the standard side weapon of the British Royal Navy officers who used this weapon in battles against pirates. Some pirates also carried smallswords, but pirates usually preferred cutlasses because they were heavier. And it was possible to use a cutlass to break a smallsword's blade. Also, pirates were not very skilled with the sword who had a fighting technique of slashing and hacking. The smallsword was designed for thrusting.


This small dagger is an European invention with a wide blade, connected to two pieces of a metal with a grip in between. This was used for thrust and puncture, not slash and gash like the cutlass. This dagger was a small multi-purpose knife that was used at supper and slaughter as well. The dagger always had a cross bar or hilt to keep the hand off the blade and swords off the hand. The hilt helped in a cutlass fight because it could "catch" the strike of the blade, be able to deflect the blow, swing the cutlass to the side and attack back.


It was a type of small knife that was used and designed for throwing.

Sunday, May 27, 2012

The Era of Piracy

Piracy is an act of robbery or criminal violence at sea. They can include acts that were done on land, in air or in water. The english word "Pirate" comes from the Latin word Pirata and from the Greek word Peirates aka "brigand", Peiramoai aka "I attempt", Peira aka "I attempt, experience."

Even though pirates raided many ships, few if any, buried their treasure. Because often the treasure that were stolen was simple things such as food, water, alcohol, weapons or clothing. They also stole household items like soap, gear such as rope and anchors. They sometimes kept the ships they capture to sell off or replace their current ship if it was better. There was no reason to bury those kind of items. It was really rare to bury treasure.

Pirates also tend to try to not kill people aboard the ships that they captured if they surrendered because if it became known that pirates took no prisoners, their victims would fight to the last end and make it difficult for them. It would also be very costly in lives. This is why a lot of ships would surrender because they knew they would be spared. For example, one well documented case with 300 heavily armored soliders on a ship that was attacked by Thomas Tew surrendered after a short battle with none of Tew's 40-man crew being hurt.

Pirates had a system of rewards that had a hierarchy aboard their ships. The majority of plunder was the form of cargo and the ship's equipment with medicine that were highly prized. For instance, a vessel's doctor's chest would have been worth $470,000 today. Jewels were very common to plunder, but not as popular since they were hard to sell. Pirates back then had little concept of their value ironically. In one recorded case, a pirate was given a large diamond that was worth more than the value of a handful of small diamonds as a share and he felt cheated. And in turn, he broke the big diamond into smaller pieces to make it match to what everyone earned.

Ordinary seamen do receive a part of the plunder which was up to the Captain, but usually it was a single share. Pirates would expect a year's wage as his share from each ship that was captured. The crew of the most successful pirate would often receive a share around 1,000 ($1.17 million) at least once in their career. For instance, Captain Thomas Tew captured a ship that gave every ordinary seaman a share of 3,000 ($3.5 million) with the officers receiving larger shares while Capt. Thomas Tew himself received 2 1/2 shares (approx 9 million dollars.)

Ordinary seamen in the Royal Navy only earned 19s per month to be paid in a lump sum at the end of a tour of duty which was half the rate that was paid in the Merchant Navy. Corrupt officers would often tax their crew to supplement their own wages and the Royal Navy was infamous for its reluctance to pay. And from this wage, 6d per month was deducted to help maintain the Greenwich Hospital with similar amounts deducted for Chatham Chest, the chaplain and surgeon. Those who were pressganged or were volunteers would be shackled while the boat was docked and was not permitted to go ashore until they were released from service. This is probably why piracy was so attractive.

The famous Spanish pieces of eight were minted in Mexico or Seville were the standard currency in the American colonies even though they still also used pounds, shillings and pence for bookkeeping records. Spanish, German, French and Portuguese money were standard mediums of exchange. In England, 1 piece of eight was worth 3s 3d while it was worth 8s in New York, 7s 6d in Pennsylvania and 6s 8d in Virginia. One 18th Century English shilling is worth about $58 today and a piece of eight would be worth $248-465.

In 1241, William Maurice is the first person known to be hanged, drawn and quartered under the conviction of piracy by King Henry III. So piracy was a career long hated by the royalty and government of the British.

The Origin of Piracy

It has been said that piracy has existed as long as the ocean were used for commerce trading. The earliest documented of piracy was in 14th century B.C. by the Sea Peoples who threatened the Aegean and the Mediterranean. They were the ones who wielded cutlasses, a type of sword that was commonly used. In Classical Antiquity, the Illyrians and Tyrrhenians were known as pirates as well as the Greeks and Romans. The Phoenicians also sometimes resorted to piracy and specialized in kidnapping children to be sold as slaves.

On one voyage across the Aegean Sea in 75 BC, Julius Caesar was kidnapped by Cilician pirates and was held prisoner in the Dodecanese islet of Pharmacusa. He kept a cheerful attitude throughout his imprisonment. When the pirates decided to demand a ransom of twelve talents of gold, Caesar is said to have insisted that he was worth at least fifty. And the pirates listened to him, raising the ransom price. When the ransom was paid and Caesar was released, he had his revenge on those same pirates.

Medieval Age to 19th Century Pirates

In the Medieval Europe, the most known and far reaching pirates were the Vikings who were from Scandinavia who raided between 8th and 12th century in the Early Middle Ages. They raided the coasts of all Western Europe as far as Seville. They even attacked the coasts of North Africa and Italy.

In the Late Middle Ages, the Frisian pirates led by Pier Gelofs Donia and Wijerd Jelckama, fought against the troops of Charles V., Holy Roman Empire. With some success, they were able to capture 28 ships in one battle earning the Donia the title of "Cross of the Dutchman" making him one of the most famous pirates of the era.

Towards the end of 9th century, Moor pirates were common in the Mediterranean Sea and a lot of Moor pirate havens were established along the coast of southern France and northern Italy. In 846 Moor raiders sacked Rome and damaged the Vatican. They even were able to block the bishop of Narbonne in 911 because they controlled all of the passes in the Alps which showed how powerful pirates could be.

In 13th and 14th century, pirates threatened Hanseatic routes and almost made sea trade extinct. Until about 1440, piracy had made maritime trade in both North Sea and Balitc Sea almost impossible and dangerous.

But as early as Byzantine times, the Maniots from Greece considered Piracy as a legitimate job due to the fact that their land was poor and they had nothing else to fall back on.


Even in India, there were pirates. During 16th and 17th centuries, there were frequent European piracy against Mughal Indian merchants that at one point, the pirate population of Madagascar were close to 1000. Ile Ste-Marie, an island off the east cast of Madagascar, became a popular base for pirates in 17th and 18th centuries. Early British expeditions tried to protect the Indian Ocean trade along the coast in 1819. But Captain Kidd the pirate, captured many vessels of the Mughal King and was quite successful.

East Asia

In Asia, Chinese pirate fleets became very powerful in early 19th century. In 1802, Zheng Yi inherited the fleet of his cousin's, Captain Zheng Qi, who gave his cousin a lot of influence in the world of piracy. Zheng Yi and his wife Zheng Yi Sao, who eventually inherits the leadership of his pirate confederacy, formed a pirate coalition that consisted of over ten thousand men by 1804. The United States Navy and Royal Navy fought against Chinese pirates in 1840s and 1850s. They weren't successful until 1860s and 1870s when the fleets of pirate junks started to give up.

Eastern Europe

From the 16th through the 18th century, there was a pirate republic in Europe in the remote Steppe populated by Ukrainian peasants who ran away from their feudal masters, outlaws, poor people, run-away slaves from Turkish galleys and more. The remoteness of this place protected them very well from angry former masters or enemies.

North Africa

According to Robert Davis, between 1 million and 1.25 million Europeans were captured by Barbary pirates and privateers and sold as slaves in North Africa and the Ottoman Empire between 16th and 19th centuries.  The most famous corsairs aka privateers who were authorized by their government to capture enemy ships were the Ottoman Hayreddin and his older brother, Oruc Reis aka Redbeard, Turgut Reis aka Dragut, Kurtoglu aka Curtogoli, Kemal Reis, Salih Reis and Koca Murat Reis. A few Barbary pirates such as the Dutch Jan Janszoon and the English John Ward aka Yusuf Reis were renegade European privateers who had converted to Islam.


The great or classic era of piracy in the Caribbean was from 1560 to about mid 1720s. For instance, in 1523, Jean Fleury seized two Spanish treasure ships carrying Aztec treasures from Mexico to Spain. Many pirates came to the Caribbean after the end of the War of the Spanish Succession. Also the buccaneers arrived in mid-to-late 17th century and made attempts at honest living by farming and hunting. But because of Spanish raids and possibly being not successful at farming and hunting, they turned to piracy. Most of those pirates were English, Dutch, French and sometimes Spanish since most of the Caribbean was controlled by Spain. The Dutch Ships captured about 500 Spanish and Portuguese ships between 1623 and 1638. Some of the best known pirate bases were New Providence in the Bahamas from 1715 to 1725, Tortuga which started in 1640s and Port Royal after 1655. The most famous Caribbean pirates are Edward Teach aka Blackbeard, Calico Jack Rackham, Henry Morgan and the most successful, Bartholomew Roberts. Also Hendrick Lucifer who fought for hours to get Cuban gold, even becoming mortally wounded. He died of his wounds hours after transferring the booty to his ship.

Most pirates were eventually hunted down by Royal Navy and killed or captured. And piracy in the Caribbean declined for the next few decades after 1730. By the 1810s, many pirates who roamed American waters weren't as bold or successful as the prior ones. But Jean Lafitte and Roberto Cofresi were very successful. Roberto Cofresi was based in Puerto Rico where he was considered a "Robin Hood" by many Puerto Ricans. He was eventually defeated and captured in 1825. In the 20th Century, Boysie Singh who operated off northern South America was a notable pirate of this era. He killed a few people and plundered their ships from 1947 to 1956.

North America

One of the most famous pirates of this area is Blackbeard who would attack ships in waters in southeast of United States. He even did blockading Charleston, South Carolina. Jean Lafitte was based in the Gulf of Mexico but even in the middle of his pirating, he helped General Andrew Jackson defend New Orleans against the British in 1815. He died trying to capture Spanish ships around 1823 and nobody really knows how he died. And by many, Jean Lafitte is considered to be the last buccaneer. After the Revolutionary War, river piracy started to gain strength. In late 18th-mid-19th century, there was river piracy in America along the Ohio River and Mississippi River which ceased after massive action by the government and groups to stop it.

Pirate Democracy

Many Caribbean pirate crews that was descended from Europe operated as limited democracies. Pirate communities were some of the first to use a system of checks and balances that is similar to the one that present day United States uses as well as other countries. The first record of this dates back to 17th century. Both Captain and the Quartermaster would be elected by the crew, then by turn they would appoint the other ships' officers. The Captain of the pirate ship was often the tough fighter that they could trust to do the job. But when not in battle, the Quartermaster had the real authority. The pirates shared in whatever they seized and pirates who got injured in battle could be given special compensation almost like medical or disability insurance. There are records that many pirates would place a portion of their share into a central fund that would compensate the injuries that was sustained by the crew. Lists showed standard payments of 600 pieces of eight ($156,000 as of today) for the loss of a leg down to 100 pieces ($26,800) for loss of an eye. Those terms were often agreed upon and written down by the pirates.

Today's Pirates

Today's pirates are a totally different and more dangerous breed today that still roam the world's oceans. They are not to be trifled with since they are more high tech now and are more unsavory sort who engages in kidnapping and other scary things. Modern piracy sometimes take place in conditions of political unrest and possibly desperate need to survive. But no matter through the ages, piracy might sound cool from the stories you read and in the movies you watch. In reality, it is really a dangerous and scary thing to have happen to you if you were caught in the middle of it. 

Saturday, May 26, 2012

Pirate Ships & Their Captains

The classification of ships is usually based mostly on the configuration of their rigging. To be called a ship the vessel must be square-rigged and must have three full masts with at least three stages of sails - course, topsail and t'gallant. Any other vessel not meeting these criteria is a boat and is known by its class name such as sloop, brig, xebec and etc.

Creating one list that defines the different types of ships is difficult since over the four or five centuries of the age of sail, the definitions of different classes of ships changed. Some classes went out of use and new classes came into use. The rating system for large warships described below, for example, only came into being relatively late, being used by the British Royal Navy from the late 1700s through the 1800s.

1st Rate: 
A Ship-Of-The-Line, the largest ship on the water at the time. Carries 100 great guns or more. Used by the established navies of the day. HMS Victory is a 1st rate. A great prize, but probably never used by a pirate since they required large crews, approx 800, and were expensive to operate.

2nd Rate: 
90-98 gun ship of the line, next largest.

3rd Rate: 
64-80 gun ship of the line.

4th Rate: 
40-60 gun ship of the line.

5th Rate: 
36 gun ship, as long as a first rate, but fewer cannons.

6th Rate: 
28-30 gun ship, also long and low. The HMS Surprise of "Master and Commander" fame was rated a 6th rate light frigate.


In pirate games we play such as Sid Meier's Pirates! or Pirates of the Caribbean & etc, the ships Brigantine, Schooner, Sloop, Galleon, Frigate, Brig, Barque and possibly Man-O-War are widely used. But I wanted to mention other ships that you might not be familiar with, but did really exist in the Pirate Era.

Most Used by Pirates:

Brigantine -  the choice of many pirate crews, able to mount 10 cannon and carry 100 crew. The brigantine was originally a small ship carrying both sails and oars. It was a favorite of Mediterranean pirates from whence it got its name. Italian word brigantino meant brigand's ship. Later the ship referred to a two-masted sailing ship with much greater sailing power.

Schooner - a fast ship with a shallow draft, capable of up to 11 knots, could carry up to 75 crew and mounted 8 cannon and 4 swivel guns. The Schooner has a narrow hull, two masts and is less than 100 tons. She is generally rigged with two large sails suspended from spars reaching from the top of the mast toward the stern. Other sails sometimes were added, including a large headsail attached to the bowsprit. She had a shallow draft which allowed her to remain in shallow coves waiting for her prey. The Schooner is very fast and large enough to carry a plentiful crew. It was a favorite among both pirates and smugglers. This ship was used for 300 years and was more commonly used in the United States than elsewhere.

Sloop - another fast ship, capable of up to 11 knots, could carry up to 75 crew and mounted 14 cannon. Used commonly by pirates. The Sloop was fast, agile and had a shallow draft. Her size could be as large as 100 tons. She was generally rigged with a large mainsail which was attached to a spar above, to the mast on its foremost edge and to a long boom below. She could sport additional sails both square and lateen-rigged. She was used mainly in the Caribbean and Atlantic. Today's sailing Yacht is essentially a sloop. Jack Lafitte back in the day used this ship frequently.

More Ships To Mention:

Galleon - favored ship of the Spanish during the 16th through 18th centuries, 100-150 feet long, 40-50 feet wide, carrying about 600 tons, although some were bigger. Generally, three masted and square rigged with a lateen sail on the mizzenmast and two to three gun decks. Galleons are large, heavy ships, broad in the beam and usually characterized by high, multi-deck fore and aft castles.

Frigate - name used for a variety of ships from small oared boats to three masted sailing ships, formalized by the English in the late 17th century to mean a vessel smaller than a ship of the line, carrying 24-38 guns on a single deck with three fully rigged masts, their speed made them better suited to convoy duty and hunting pirates. This ship came in a wide range from 4th to 6th. Would be considered to be the largest ship a pirate would have.

Brig - a two masted ship, square rigged on both masts, in the 18th century it would have been roughly the same as a Brigantine, but the two ship types showed more variance in the 19th century. They took their name from the fact that they were a favored type of vessel for pirates or brigands. In earlier years brigantine referred to any small two-masted vessel that could be both sailed and rowed. Later the definition was more rigidly applied to certain rigging configurations. A brigantine is square-rigged on her foremast and upper mainmast, but her main sheet is actually rigged fore-and-aft on a gaff boom. A brig is square-rigged on both masts. Carried around 10 guns.

Barque aka Bark - small ship with three masts, firstt two square rigged, the last mast being fore and aft rigged. Through the 1400s, 1500s and 1600s barque was usually applied to smaller coastal merchant vessels. In the 1700s the Royal Navy used the term generally to apply to vessels that did not fit into its other classifications. In the 1800s came to refer to a three masted vessel with a particular rigging configuration - square-rigged on the fore and main masts and fore-and-aft rigged on the mizzen. 

Ships You Might Not Know About:

Bertone - a broad, round sailing ship with three square rigged masts, able to carry about 60 crew, used in the Mediterranean in the 16th and 17th centuries.

Camara - narrow boats used in first century BC and earlier, holding 25-30 men.

Caramusal - 16th to 19th century Turkish merchant ship, similar to a galleon, carrying four sails and a cargo capacity of up to 900 tons.

Caravel - 14th to 17th century cargo ship, the Mediterranean version was lateen rigged on two masts, while the Spanish and Portuguese versions were three masted with the first two masts square rigged and the mizzen lateen rigged

Carrack - 16th to 17th century vessel, three masted with the first two square rigged and the mizzen lateen rigged, carrying up to 1,200 tons of cargo, larger than a caravel with higher forecastles and aftcastles, used by the Spanish and Portuguese in their long voyages to the East Indies.

Corvette - Light and fast, corvettes were lightly armed with 10 guns, though some did carry more. But they made more than made up for their lack of armament with their speed. Not known whether pirates used them, commonly given to privateers because of their speed. Also sometimes referred to as a "sloop-of-war". 

Dau - identical to Mtepe, early predecessor of Dhow.

Dhow - 150 to 200 ton merchant with a single lateen sail used by Arab pirates in the Red Sea and Indian Ocean.

Dutch Flute - early 17th century ship, cheap to build, with large cargo hold, easy prey for pirates.

Fellucca - a narrow ship of Arab origin, using a lateen sail or oars, deeper water versions would have had up to two masts and a deck.

Flyboat - 16th to 19th century Dutch vessel, flat bottomed, one to two masts square rigged, carrying up to 600 tons of cargo.

Fluyt - A Dutch class of large merchant cargo ships. Their chief notable design characteristic is a pear-shaped hull cross section, narrower at the main deck level, but broadening out considerably down to the waterline. One theory on the reason for this is that taxes on merchant ships in certain countries were based on the area of the main deck. The the pear shape reduces the main deck area while maximizing cargo space. Fluyts were common in European waters and, given the presence of Dutch colonies in the new world and the trading activities of the Dutch East India Company, would have been no strangers in the waters patrolled by Caribbean pirates.

Fuste - possibly developed from the Tartan it was a fast ship using both sail and oars, a favorite of the Barbary and Salï pirates.

Galleass - similar to a Xebec, two to three lateen rigged masts, about 150 feet long, 25 feet wide with a single bank of oars, favored by the Genoese and Venetians in 16th and 17th centuries. Six in the Spanish Armada of 1588.

Galley - any number of types of vessels used around the world, generally referring to ships with single or multiple banks of oars, originated in the Mediterranean, they were not rough water ships due to their length and low sides. The ship of choice for pirates of the Mediterranean. Galleys rely on banks of long oars, sometimes as many as two or three decks of rowers, as their primary means of propulsion. Although most galleys would have shipped at least one mast with sails as a backup. In smooth water conditions galleys actually tend to be faster and more maneuverable than sailing ships which makes them far superior in areas like the Mediterranean Sea. However they do not fare well in the rougher waters of the Atlantic or English Channel. Caribbean waters are somewhat more suited to galleys, but only somewhat. Sailing ships were still the vessel of choice there. 

Gallivat - 18th century ship propelled by 40-80 oarsmen and 1-2 sails, used by the Angrian pirates in the Indian Ocean.

Grab - 18th century Indian Ocean vessel, 150-300 ton, two masts, with long overhanging prow and oars, form of galley.

Hemiola - 4th to 1st century BC vessel, galley with two banks of oars, name derives from the fact that the top bank of oars behind the mast could be swiftly removes (thus one and a half banks of oars),
Merchant - commercial vessel of the late 17th and early 18th century, not as big as an East Indiaman, this ship mounts 16 cannon.
Naval Sloop - bigger and more heavily armed than a standard sloop, this ship would have been the equal of any pirate manned sloop.
Naval Snow - comparable to a brigantine would have had a crew of 80 and mounted 8 cannon.

Man-O-War aka "Ship Of The Line"- These ships were the "heavy-guns" of the fleet. They resembled galleons in design, but had heavy fire-power with an average of 65 guns. It was not uncommon to have over 100 guns. They were around 1,000 tons and had 3 masts. Only the three major sea-powers of the time (Spain, England, and France) had many of these kind of ships.

Merchantmen aka "Pink" - In the Atlantic the word pink was used to describe any small ship with a narrow stern. They were generally square-rigged and used as merchantmen and sometimes as warships. They were a favorite target of the pirates of the Caribbean. These ships were built for carrying large amounts of heavy cargo, and were well built. Some merchantmen carried cannons, other did not, those that did carried large guns, and plenty of them. May be similar in size to a frigate, but certainly easier to take.

Galeota - predecessor of the Xebec used one large lateen sail and oars, common in the Mediterranean.

Xebec - three masted, square rigged on foremast, and lateen on main and mizzen, shallow draft, frequently used by 18th and 19th century corsairs in the Mediterranean.

Gig big rowboat.

really big rowboat.

very small rowboat.

Fireship - floating molotov cocktail, might be made from any class of vessel. 


Pirate Ships & Their Captains:

Henry Avery aka Long Ben and/or Capt. Bridgeman
Fancy - 46 gun merchant; 150 men

Sam Bellamy
Mary Anne - 8 gun sloop
Whydah - 28 guns; an ex-slave ship

Stede Bonnet
Revenge - 10 gun sloop; 70 men; purchased sloop himself which was extremely rare for a pirate!

William Kidd
Adventure Galley - 34 gun galley; 150 men
Adventure Prize - replaced Adventure Galley

George Lowther
Delivery - 16 guns; 50 men; taken from mutiny
Ranger - 10 gun sloop

Bartholomew Roberts aka Black Bart
Fortune - 26 guns
Good Fortune - brigantine
Royal Fortune - 42 gun frigate-type; 200+ men
Ranger - 16 guns
Little Ranger - 10 guns; used as a store ship
Rover - 10 guns
Sea King - 30 gun brigantine

Edward Teach aka Blackbeard
Queen Anne's Revenge - 36-40 gun guineaman; 280+ men
Adventure - 8-10 gun sloop
Revenge - 10-12 gun sloop

Charles Vane 
Ranger - 6 gun sloop; 60 men

Jack Rackham aka Calico Jack, Anne Bonney and Mary Reade
The William

Captain John Gow
The Revenge

Thomas Tew
Liberty and the Amity

William Moody
The Rising Sun

Samuel Burgess
Jacob, Neptune & Margaret

Edward England
Fancy, Pearl & Victory

Ignatius Pell
Royal James


Elizabethan Pirates

Elizabethan Pirates were lawful pirates who were authorized by their own government and sovereign to attack the treasure ships of enemy nations. The English government issued "Letters of Marque" to famous Elizabethan Pirates which licensed those sailors to plunder enemy ships.. The "Letters of Marque" prevented privateers from being charged with piracy, which was an offense punishable by death.

Sir Francis Drake
The Pelican, renamed the Golden Hind

Sir Walter Raleigh
The Falcon. Donated "The Ark Royal" to the Navy.

Sir Richard Hawkins
The Dainty, the Swallow

Sir Martin Frobisher
The Gabriel

Sir Humphrey Gilbert
Anne Ager, The Raleigh, The Swallow & the Squirrel

Sir John Hawkins
The Victory

Sir Richard Grenville
The Revenge, Tiger, Roebuck, Lion, Elizabeth & DorothyJohn Hawkins

Diamond Jubilee - UK National Event

I'm an American, so when British people started talking about "Diamond Jubilee" holiday that was upcoming for them. I was very interested, so I researched all about it. Then I thought that everyone would love to know about this cool event on the other side of the pond.

This event is celebrating the Queen's reign which is in its 60th year for 2012! Yes she has been the queen for SIXTY years! WOW! The Queen came to the throne on February 6th, 1952 and her coronation took place on June 2nd, 1953. Her 25th year of reign was in 1977, Silver Jubilee was celebrated for that and for her 50th, Golden Jubilee in 2002. So, in her honor for this year, the celebrations will be centered around an extended weekend on June 2 to 5th, 2012.

And their celebration's events is as follows:

Saturday, the Queen will visit the Epsom horse race.

Sunday, the 4th annual Big Lunch and the Queen will judge who has the best flotillas aka boats in the Thames Diamond Jubilee Pageant.

Monday, there will be a concert at Buckingham Palace attended by the Queen and the Royal Family which will be on television. And thousands of beacons around the world will be lit in the honor of the Queen's 60th year reign.

Then Tuesday, the Queen and the Royal Family will attend a national service of thanksgiving at St. Paul's Cathedral. A "Diamond Choir" of children from around the UK will sing a special composed song. Then the Royal Family will travel from Westminster Hall to Buckingham Palace by carriage and they will stand on the balcony, watching a RAF plane fly on by marking the end of celebrations.

So what does this mean for Wizard101UK? We shall see! ;)

Friday, May 25, 2012

Crowns By Area? What about By World?

An idea struck me today. It would be beneficial if we had crowns by worlds, so we can buy an entire world at once than buying it per area. Especially if we bought a huge chunk of crowns and wanted to spend it quickly than travelling to per area to buy each one. I think that it'd even more beneficial if we had a special list of all worlds and areas with check marks. So we could check off what areas and worlds we want to buy and see current total of what we picked and total crowns we have available before being able to check out on the Wizard101 site possibly. Or an option in the Buy By Area window prompt entitled "Buy More Areas/Worlds" or something like that that would lead to the check mark list.

This way we can have multiple areas/worlds open right away without any waiting or travelling. It would definitely be beneficial to Wizard101 since this would encourage people to buy more crowns.

Thursday, May 24, 2012

New Mounts in Crown Shop AGAIN!

I am starting to wonder what other new mounts they have in store for us...

New Mounts in the Crown Shop!
The high flying Owl mount and mythical Grey and Brown Wargs have journeyed to the Crown Shop! Your Wizard will ride around the Commons in style with these cool new mounts.
Owl Mount costs 9,000 Crowns
Brown or Grey Warg costs 6,500 Crowns

Monday, May 21, 2012

May 21st Test Realm Updates!

Yes there's a new Housing out in Test Realm - The Villa Gardens. Look at my prior posts about it. And a new Housing Game called Zeke's Scavenger Hunt. Do look at my prior posts about it as well under "Guide To Housing Games."

Otherwise, here are the little changes that they are bringing to Live game!
  1. Treants in Avalon now count for the Plant Badge
  2. Serpent Table is no longer labelled "No Auction" and can now be traded or sold at the Bazaar
  3. Cloaked cards should no longer get stuck in your hand if they fizzle
  4. Colossal and Extraordinary Treasure Cards can no longer be sold at the Bazaar
  5. Experience rewards have been adjusted for the quest "Wyrd to your Mother".
  6. There were two quests named "A Piece of Mine", on in Dun Dara and one in Deep Water. The quest in Dun Dara has been renamed to "Walk the Night Alone". This will not impact progress of the quest, it will simply change the name of the quest in your Quest Journal
  7. Names should no longer appear in black text for players with older/outdated video cards
  8. Pets obtained through the quest given at level 78 now have a school requirement to equip.
  9. Detonate should no longer target Heal over Time spells
  10. While on the MooShu Quest "Monknapping" the dungeon sigil for the Shrine of the Mind should now light up as expected
  11. The gate will remain open during the quest "Creatures of Habit" in Avalon
  12. You can no longer Quick Sell items purchased with Arena Tickets
  13. Guardian Spirit will now heal for 15% instead of 25%
  14. Players must now complete "Ghost Hunters" before they will be offered the quests "Saving Private O'Ryan" and "Pesky Pirates" in Unicorn Way
  15. Players must now complete the quest "Rattlebones Report" in Unicorn Way before they will be offered the quest "Enrollment"Players must now complete the quest "Stop the Maker" to defeat Rattlebones before they will be offered the quest "Grim Tales", also in Unicorn Way

New Second Chance Chests

According to this month's Test Realm notes - A new type of Second Chance chest has been added to the following Boss Encounters. These chests start at 75 Crowns instead of the previous 50 Crowns, so pay attention, young Wizards!
  1. Selenor
  2. Mithraya
  3. Ptolemos
  4. Astraeus
  5. Selwyn Skywatcher

  6. Zafaria
  7. Nergal
  8. Elephant Spectral Guardian
  9. Lion Spectral Guardian
  10. Gorilla Spectral Guardian

  11. Avalon
  12. Kiva White Talon
  13. Pendragon
  14. Young Morganthe
  15. Nameless Knight


I visited the Nameless Knight's Tomb to see what the new Second Chance chests gave.

Here is what I got so far until I ran out of crowns.
All are Non-Auction Gear for Level 78 even Amulets, Seeds, Themes, Snacks
and of course, gold!

PS: It might say that you got one item, but when you check your green box,
you could get more items than you thought!!!

More information in this month's Test Realm notes